Stefan Kohler

Welcome to my website.

I am research associate at the Heidelberg Institute of Global Health of Heidelberg University, where I lead a research group on economics and global health. I hold a PhD in Economics from the European University Institute in Florence and an MD from the Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin. I am a member of the Global Young Academy (GYA), in which I co-lead the Global Health Working Group, a member of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) collaborator network, and speaker of the Global Health Section of the German Public Health Association (DGPH).

Areas of interest

  • Health systems
  • Health services provision
  • Impact evaluation (with respect to health outcomes, socioeconomic outcomes, quality of life)
  • Health and wealth relationship
  • Maternal health


[Google Scholar | ORCID | PubMed | RePEc | ResearchGate]

Original articles

  1. Global Burden of Disease Health Financing Collaborator Network, including Kohler S (2020). Health sector spending and spending on HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria, and development assistance for health: progress towards Sustainable Development Goal 3. Lancet: in press. (pdf)
  2. Kohler, S., Keil, T., Müller-Riemenschneider, F., Reinhold, T., Willich, S. N., Roll, S. (2019). Usage of a German prevention and health promotion web portal and cost per pageview: A life-cycle assessment. Digital Health 5: 1–15. (pdf)
  3. Global Burden of Disease Health Financing Collaborator Network, including Kohler S (2019). Past, present, and future of global health financing: a review of development assistance, government, out-of-pocket, and other private spending on health for 195 countries, 1995–2050. Lancet 393(10187): 2233–2260. (pdf)
  4. Kohler S, Schlag KH (2019). Inequality aversion causes equal or unequal division in alternating-offer bargaining. Bulletin of Economic Research 71(1): 47–57. (pdf)
  5. Kohler S, Sidney Annersted K, Diwan V, Lindholm L, Randive B, Vora K, De Costa A (2018). Postpartum quality of life in Indian women after vaginal birth and cesarean section: a pilot study using the EQ-5D-5L descriptive system. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 18(1): 427. (pdf)
  6. Kohler S, Asadov DA, Bründer A, Healy S, Khamraev AK, Sergeeva N, Tinnemann P (2016). Health system support and health system strengthening: Two key facilitators to the implementation of ambulatory tuberculosis treatment in Uzbekistan. Health Economics Review 6(1): 1–11. (pdf, poster on RG) Русский перевод статьи: Поддержка и укрепление системы здравоохранения: два ключевых вопроса в амбулаторном лечении туберкулеза в Узбекистане. (pdf)
  7. Kohler, S (2016). Workplace health promotion of large and medium-sized businesses: The relationship between and predictors of activities in two German states. International Journal of Workplace Health Management 9(2): 184–201. (pdf) (questionnaire: de|en)
  8. Kohler S, Hofmann A (2015). Can motivational interviewing in emergency care reduce alcohol consumption in young people? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Alcohol and Alcoholism 50(2): 107–117. (pdf)
  9. Penkalla AM, Kohler S (2014). Urbanicity and mental health in Europe: A systematic review. European Journal of Mental Health 9(2): 163–177. (pdf)
  10. Kohler S (2014). Guilt causes equal or unequal division in alternating-offer bargaining. Economics Bulletin 34(3): 1611–1617. (pdf)
  11. Eckert S, Kohler S (2014). Urbanization and health in developing countries: A systematic review. World Health & Population 15(1): 7–20. (pdf)
  12. Kohler S, Minkner P (2014). Smoke-free laws and direct democracy initiatives on smoking bans in Germany: A systematic review and quantitative assessment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 11(1): 685–700. (pdf)
  13. Kohler S (2013). Can internet access growth help reduce the global burden of noncommunicable diseases? Online Journal of Public Health Informatics 5(2): 1–8. (pdf)
  14. Kohler S (2013). More fair play in an ultimatum game after resettlement in Zimbabwe: A field experiment and a structural model. PLOS ONE 8(5): e64791. (pdf)
  15. Kohler S (2013). Envy can promote more equal division in alternating-offer bargaining. Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics 6(1): 31–41. (pdf)
  16. Brüggenjürgen B, Kohler S, Ezzat N, Reinhold T, Willich SN (2013). Cost-effectiveness of antiarrhythmic medications in patients suffering from atrial fibrillation. PharmacoEconomics 31(3):195-213. (pdf)
  17. Kohler S (2012). Incomplete information about social preferences explains equal division and delay in bargaining. Games 3(3): 119–137. (pdf)
  18. Kohler S (2011). Altruism and fairness in experimental decisions. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 80(1): 101–109. (pdf)

Research letters

  1. Siedner MJ, Hettema A, Hughey A, Oldenburg CE, Kohler S, Bärnighausen K, McMahon S, Jia C, Lejeune C, Matse S, Bärnighausen T (2018). Preference for injectable over oral HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis in public-sector primary-care clinics in Swaziland. AIDS 32(11): 1541–1542. (pdf)

Perspective and review articles

  1. Kohler S (2018). Entwicklung und Stand der personalisierten Medizin in Deutschland [Development and status of personalized medicine in Germany]. Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift 143(22): 1624–1631. (pdf)
  2. Kohler S (2017). Personalized medicine and global health. Public Health Forum 25(3): 244–248. (pdf)
  3. Kohler S, Willich SN (2015). Lessons from the development of a web portal on prevention and health promotion. Public Health Forum 23(3): 149–152. (pdf)
  4. Kohler S, Asadov DA, Bründer A, Healy S, Khamraev AK, Sergeeva N, Tinnemann P (2014). Ambulatory tuberculosis treatment in post-Semashko health care systems needs supportive financing mechanisms. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 18(12): 1390–1395. (pdf) Русский перевод статьи: Амбулаторное лечение туберкулеза в системах здравоохранения, основанных на модели пост-Семашко, требует вспомогательных механизмов финансирования. (pdf)
  5. Hofmann A, Kohler S (2013). Motivierende Gesprächsführung als Kurzintervention bei jungen Menschen mit auffälligem Alkoholkonsum [Motivational interviewing as a brief intervention for young people with conspicuous alcohol consumption]. Abhängigkeiten 19(1): 85–107. (pdf)

Chapters and monographs

  1. Kohler S et al. (2020). Ökonomie und Globale Gesundheit [Economics and Global Health]. In: Bonk M., Ulrichs T. (eds). Global Health: Eine Einführung in die Globale Gesundheit [An Introduction to Global Health]. Berlin: De Gruyter, forthcoming.
  2. Kohler S et al. (2020). Ökonomische Bewertung in der Globalen Gesundheit [Economic Evaluation in Global Health]. In: Bonk M., Ulrichs T. (eds). Global Health: Eine Einführung in die Globale Gesundheit [An Introduction to Global Health]. Berlin: De Gruyter, forthcoming.
  3. Matuschke I, Kohler S (2014). Urbanisierung und Ernährungssicherung [Urbanization and Food Security]. In: WeltRisikoBericht 2014 [WorldRiskReport 2014]. Berlin/Bonn: Bündnis Entwicklung Hilft [Alliance Development Works] und [and] United Nations University – Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS), 30–34. (in German: pdf) (in English: pdf)
  4. Kohler S, Nocon M, Müller-Riemenschneider F, Reinhold T, Willich SN (2012). Der Präventionsatlas Berlin-Brandenburg: Strukturierte Informationen zu Prävention und Gesundheitsförderung [The Berlin-Brandenburg Altas of Prevention: Structured information on prevention and health promotion]. In: Kirch W, Hoffmann T, Pfaff H (eds) Prävention und Versorgung. Stuttgart: Thieme, 138–147. (pdf, poster on RG)
  5. Kohler S, Müller-Riemenschneider F, Willich SN (2011). Prävention und Gesundheitsförderung in Berlin und Brandenburg [Prevention and health promotion in Berlin and Brandenburg]. Berlin: HealthCapital Berlin Brandenburg. (pdf)
  6. Kohler S (2008). Inequality aversion and stochastic decision-making: experimental evidence from Zimbabwean villages after land reform. In: Innocenti A, Sbriglia P (eds) Games, Rationality and Behavior: Essays on Behavioral Game Theory and Experiments. Basingstoke: Palgrave McMillan, 63–100. (pdf)

Research report & position paper

  1. Kohler S, Bärnighausen T (2018). Entwicklung und aktuelle Versorgungssituation in der Geburtshilfe in Baden-Württemberg: Bericht für den Runden Tisch Geburtshilfe in Baden-Württemberg [Development and Current Health Services Situation in Maternal Care in Baden-Württemberg: Report for the Maternal Care Round Table in Baden-Württemberg]. Heidelberg: Heidelberger Institut für Global Health. (pdf, presentation on RG)
  2. Gerhardus A, Bärnighausen T, Bruchhausen W, Jahn A, Kohler S, Razum O, Rehfuess E (2018). Neue Strategie der Bundesregierung zu Globaler Gesundheit: Positionspapier der Wissenschaft [New Federal Government Strategy on Global Health: Science Position Paper]. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Public Health. (pdf)

Popular science articles

  1. Kohler, S. (2019). Deutschlands Engagement in globaler Gesundheit – was kann die Wissenschaft beitragen? [Germany's engagement in global health – what can science contribute?]. Info_Dienst für Gesundheitsförderung, 1:18–19. (pdf)
  2. Kohler S. (2019). Die Vermessung der globalen Gesundheit [Measuring global health]. Gesundheit und Gesellschaft | Wissenschaft, 19(2): 16–23. (pdf)
  3. Kohler S, Bärnighausen T, Abdallah L, Reckert T (2018). Versorgungssituation in der Geburtshilfe in Baden-Württemberg: Ergebnisse einer Elternumfrage durch die Kinder- und Jugendärzte zum Zeitpunkt der U6-Untersuchung [Maternal care situation in Baden-Württemberg: Results of a parents survey by pediatricians at the time of the U6-examination]. PädNetzS Info, 5: 6–10. (pdf)
  4. Kohler S. (2018). Precision medicine – moving away from one-size-fits-all. Quest: Science for South Africa, 14(3): 12–15. (pdf)
  5. Reinhold T, Kohler S (2012). Prävention und Gesundheitsförderung in Berlin und Brandenburg: Ein Präventionsatlas gibt Orientierung bei der Vielzahl verschiedener Gesundheitsangebote [Prevention and health promotion in Berlin and Brandenburg: An atlas of prevention gives orientation in the multitude of health activities]. In: Berliner Wirtschaftsgespräche e.V. (ed) Gesundheitsstandort Berlin-Brandenburg. Berlin: Kulturbuch-Verlag, 51. (pdf)

Personal Information

Academic positions

  • 01/16— Research associate, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg Institute of Global Health (formerly: Institute of Public Health), Germany
  • 04/15—11/15 Research coordinator, Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences, Global Health Interventions and Evaluation, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 09/10—08/12 Research associate, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics, Germany

Recently taught courses

  • Global Health/Global Health Economics Seminar (Heidelberg Institute of Global Health)
  • Research Methods in Global Health (Heidelberg Institute of Global Health)
  • Health Metrics and Economic Evaluation (Heidelberg Institute of Global Health; Karolinska Institutet)
  • Health Economics, Health System, Public Health (Faculty of Medicine, Heidelberg University; Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin)
  • Introduction to Health Economics (Heidelberg University)


  • Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, MD, 05/14
  • Harvard Medical School, Exchange Clerkship Program, summer 12
  • European University Institute, PhD in Economics, 02/07
  • University of Oxford, Visiting scholar at the Centre for the Study of African Economies, fall 04
  • University of Bonn, Diplom Volkswirt, 11/02
  • Australian National University, Bachelor of Economics, 04/00
  • University of Konstanz, Vordiplom in Economics, 08/99